of Nepal: Chronology
is the chronology of important developments in the history
- Shah dynasty begins after Gurkha ruler Prithvi Narayan Shah
conquers Kathmandu and lays foundations for a unified kingdom.
- Nepalese aggression halted by defeat at hands of Chinese
- Anglo-Nepalese war; culminates in treaty which establishes
Nepal's current boundaries.
- Jang Bahadur Rana becomes Prime Minister. Establishes the
hereditary rule of Ranas.
- Treaty with Britain affirms Nepal's sovereignty.
- Nepali Congress Party established.
- First Constitution of Nepal promulgated.
- King Tribhuvan, present King Gyanendra's grandfather, flees
to India after falling out with the Ranas. Ranas implicate
him in a conspiracy against them. Anti-Rana forces based in
India form alliance with monarch.
- End of Rana rule. King Tribhuvan restored.
- King Tribhuwan dies, King Mahendra ascends throne.
- Multi-party Constitution adopted.
- King Mahendra seizes control and suspends Parliament, Constitution
and party politics after Nepali Congress wins elections with
B P Koirala as premier.
- King Mahendra dies, succeeded by Birendra.
- Constitutional referendum follows agitation for reform.
King agrees to allow direct elections to national assembly
- but on a non-party basis.
- Nepali Congress begins civil disobedience campaign for restoration
of multi-party system.
- Trade and transit dispute with India leads to border blockade
by New Delhi.
- Pro-democracy agitation co-ordinated by Nepali Congress
and Leftist groups. King Birendra bows to pressure and proclaims
a new Constitution establishing multy-party democracy under
- Nepali Congress wins first democratic elections. Girija
Prasad Koirala becomes Prime Minister.
- Koirala's government defeated in no-confidence motion. New
elections lead to formation of leftist government.
- Communist government dissolved.
- Maoists launch armed agitation to abolish monarch and establishing
- Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba loses no-confidence vote.
- GP Koirala returns as Prime Minister.
1 June - King Birendra, Queen Aishwarya and other close relatives
killed in shooting spree by drunken crown Prince Dipendra,
who then shoots himself. Prince Gyanendra becomes King.
July - Maoist rebels step up violence. Premier Koirala quits
over the violence; Sher Bahadur Deuba becomes Prime Minister.
November - State of emergency declared after more than 100
people are killed in four days of violence. King Gyanendra
orders Army to crush the Maoist rebels.
May - Parliament dissolved, fresh elections called amid political
confrontation over extending the state of emergency. Sher
Bahadur Deuba heads interim government.
October - King Gyanendra dismisses Deuba and indefinitely
puts off elections set for November. Lokendra Bahadur Chand
appointed as Prime Minister.
January - Rebels, government declare ceasefire.
May-June - Lokendra Bahadur Chand resigns; King appoints Surya
Bahadur Thapa as new premier.
August - Rebels pull out of peace talks.
May - Prime Minister Surya Bahadur Thapa resigns following
weeks of street protests by opposition groups.
June - King Gyanendra reappoints Sher Bahadur Deuba as Prime
Minister with the task of holding elections.
February 1 - King Gyanendra dismisses Prime Minister Deuba
and his government, declares a state of emergency.
April 30 - King lifts the state of emergency.
November - Maoist rebels and main opposition parties agree
on a programme intended to restore democracy.
April - King Gyanendra agrees to reinstate parliament following
weeks of violent strikes and protests against direct royal
rule. GP koirala is appointed as Prime Minister. Maoist rebels
call a three-month ceasefire.
May - Parliament votes unanimously to curtail the King's powers.
16 June - Prachanda and premier Koirala hold talks.
November - The government and maoists sign a historic peace
January - Maoist leaders enter Parliament under the terms
of Interim Constitution.
April - Maoists rebels join interim government.
May - Elections postponed to November.
September - Maoists quit interim government to press demand
for monarchy to be scrapped.
October - Elections are again postponed.
December - Parliament approves abolition of monarchy as part
of peace deal with Maoists, who agree to re-join government.
Mainstream parties and the Maoists agree to hold elections
by mid-April 2008.
April 10 - Nepal votes in elections for a Constituent Assembly
to rewrite the country's constitution. The Maoists win 220
of 601 seats in the elections.
May 28 - The new Constituent Assembly is sworn in. CA abolishes
240-year-old monarchy. Declares Nepal a republic and asks
Gyanendra to vacate Narayanhti Palace within 15 days.
June 11 - Gyanendra vacates royal palace.