who want women to stay home earn more
Indo-Asian News Service
Washington, Sep 22 (IANS) Men holding the view that women
should stay at home earn more than men who don't. But women
with more egalitarian views don't take home much more than
their traditional counterparts.
Timothy Judge and Beth Livingston of University of Florida
analysed data from a nationally representative study of men
and women who were interviewed four times between 1979 and
Some 12,686 people, aged between 14 and 22 at the beginning
of the study, participated, even as 60 percent remained with
At each of the four interviews, participants were asked about
their views on gender roles in the work force and at home.
They answered questions such as whether they believed a woman's
place is in the home, whether employing wives leads to more
juvenile delinquency, if the woman should take care of the
home and family.
Participants were also asked about their earnings, religious
upbringing, education, whether they worked outside the home
and their marital status, in addition to other topics. Prior
studies have shown that men tend to hold more traditional
gender roles than do women, though this gap has narrowed over
time, reports Eurekalert.
The researchers looked specifically at gender role views as
a predictor of a person's earnings. They controlled for job
complexity, number of hours worked and education.
Their analyses showed that men in the study who said they
had more traditional gender role attitudes made an average
of about $8,500 more annually than those who had less traditional
"More traditional people may be seeking to preserve the
historical separation of work and domestic roles. Our results
prove that is, in fact, the case," Judge said. "This
is happening even in today's work force where men and women
are supposedly equal as far as participation."
For women, however, the situation was reversed. Women who
held more traditional views about gender roles made an average
of $1,500 less annually than the women with more egalitarian
Put another way, if a married couple holds traditional gender
role attitudes, the husband's earning advantage was predicted
to be eight times greater than a married couple where the
husband and wife have more egalitarian attitudes.
Judge said "when workers' attitudes become more traditional,
women's earnings relative to men suffer greatly. When attitudes
become more egalitarian, the pay gap nearly disappears."
These findings were published in the September issue of the
Journal of Applied Psychology.
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